Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections (STD/Is) are caused by infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual contact. They’re infections you can get from having sex with someone infected.
STD/Is are transmitted through various modes of transmission such as
sexual contact (vaginal, anal, and oral sex);
skin-to-skin contact (non-penetrative sex);
body fluids (blood, semen, vaginal secretions);
and sharing of needles.
STD/Is can also be transmitted from woman to child during vaginal delivery or through breast milk. If left undetected and untreated, STD/Is can have long term effects and can cause infertility in both men and women.
The most common STD/Is are chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B virus (HBV), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, and trichomoniasis.
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