According to the World Health Organization " good reproductive health implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do so. Men and women should be informed about and have access to safe, effective, affordable, and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice, and the right to appropriate health-care services that enable women to safely go through pregnancy and childbirth."
Reproductive health also includes understanding female and male anatomy, physiology of pregnancy, maternal and infant health, teen pregnancy, infertility, birth control methods, infant and maternal mortality, women's and men's reproductive cancers, Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections (STD/Is) & Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention and global reproductive health.
Reproductive health services are made affordable through the National Family Planning Program Title X. Title X provides cost effective family planning services that include STD/Is and HIV testing and treatment, reproductive cancer screenings, and birth control methods. The ELO offers interactive workshops that provide information on all components of reproductive health and health clinics that provide Title X services. For more information on our services, click here!
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Like reproductive health, sexual health is also defined as sexual health as a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences.
Sexual health explores beyond physical and examines social and cultural influences that shape our ideology about sex. Sexual health examines healthy relationships, the practice of abstinence, and risky behavior that increases a person's risk of STD/Is and HIV, unplanned pregnancies, and stigmas on sexuality, STD/Is and HIV testing, and condoms.
ELO has interactive workshops that address myths about sex and sexuality, provides resources on STD/Is and HIV testing and treatment, encourages participants to have health discussions about sex, and empowers attendees to make healthier decisions regarding sex. For more information on our services, click here!
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Sex education is the development of curriculum and the instruction on human sexuality which includes sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual activity, reproductive health, emotional relations, reproductive rights and responsibilities, sexual abstinence, health relationships, and birth control.
Sex education can be provided to younger people and adults. It has proven to reduce the rates of STD/Is and HIV among both teens and adults, while also delaying the early onset of sexual intercourse among teens.
The ELO provides a comprehensive approach to sex education and covers a myriad of topics such as reproductive anatomy, STD/Is and HIV prevention, abstinence, responsibilities and consequences of sex, sexual boundaries, sexuality, healthy relationships, and birth control methods. For more information on our services, click here!
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Condoms are small, thin pouches made of latex (rubber), plastic (polyurethane, nitrile, or polyisoprene) or lambskin, that cover your penis during sex and collect semen (cum).
Condoms stop sperm from getting into the vagina, so sperm can't meet up with an egg and cause pregnancy. Condoms also prevent STD/Is and HIV by covering the penis. This prevents contact with semen and vaginal fluids, and limits skin-to-skin contact that can spread sexually transmitted infections. Lambskin condoms do not protect against STD/Is and HIV. Only latex and plastic condoms do.
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Everyone says that talking about sexuality is important—and it is. But that doesn’t mean it’s easy! Even adults have a hard time talking about it.
Sometimes you may not know what to say to your boyfriend or girlfriend, a health care provider, a parent or guardian or any other adult when it comes to sexuality and sexual health. ELO can help you with talking about sex to your partners, children, or medical providers. Contact US!
Sexual orientation is about who you’re attracted to and want to have relationships with. Sexual orientations include gay, lesbian, straight, bisexual, and asexual.
Sexual orientation is about who you’re attracted to and who you feel drawn to romantically, emotionally, and sexually. It’s different than gender identity. Gender identity isn’t about who you’re attracted to, but about who you ARE — male, female, genderqueer, etc.
It’s common for people to confuse sex, gender, and gender identity. But they’re actually all different things.
Sex is a label — male or female — that you’re assigned by a doctor at birth based on the genitals you’re born with and the chromosomes you have. It goes on your birth certificate.
Gender is much more complex: It’s a social and legal status, and set of expectations from society, about behaviors, characteristics, and thoughts. Each culture has standards about the way that people should behave based on their gender. This is also generally male or female. But instead of being about body parts, it’s more about how you’re expected to act, because of your sex.
Gender identity is how you feel inside and how you express your gender through clothing, behavior, and personal appearance. It’s a feeling that begins very early in life.
Assigned sex is a label that you’re given at birth based on medical factors, including your hormones, chromosomes, and genitals. Most people are assigned male or female, and this is what’s put on their birth certificates.
When someone’s sexual and reproductive anatomy doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male, they may be described as intersex.
Got Questions on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity? Contact US!
Birth control, also known as contraception, is designed to prevent pregnancy. Birth control methods may work in a number of different ways:
Preventing sperm from getting to the eggs. Types include condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and contraceptive sponges.
Keeping the woman's ovaries from releasing eggs that could be fertilized. Types include birth control pills, patches, shots, vaginal rings, and emergency contraceptive pills.
Want more information on birth control? Contact US! We will be happy to provide you with more information on your options.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Unlike some other viruses, the human body can’t get rid of HIV completely. So once you have HIV, you have it for life.
No effective cure for HIV currently exists, but with proper treatment and medical care, HIV can be controlled.
Got Questions on HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment? Contact US!
The most common symptom that Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections (STD/Is) and HIV have is no symptoms. People infected with STD/Is and/or HIV can live for a long period of time without experiencing any symptoms. If you are engaging in sexual activity and not using protection, it is important to get tested, regularly. Getting tested can help a person received early medical treatments for STD/Is and HIV.
Most Common Ways to Get Tested for STD/Is and HIV are:
discharge, tissue, cell, or saliva sample
Sex worth can be defined as having healthy discussions on sexuality, practicing safe sex, or even practicing abstinence. However you defined it, ELO wants to encourage and provide resources to support your decisions when it comes to sex! Contact us and we will help you with engaging your partner in talking about SEX!
The female condom is a pouch that is used during intercourse to prevent pregnancy and reduce the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. It has flexible rings at each end. Just before vaginal intercourse, it is inserted deep into the vagina. The ring at the closed end holds the pouch in the vagina. The ring at the open end stays outside the vaginal opening during intercourse. And during anal intercourse, it is inserted into the anus.
Female condoms can seem a bit overwhelming, however there are fun techniques a person can use to insert them and have enjoyable sex!
Have questions or need advice on using a female condom? Contact Us and we will be happy help!
Healthy relationships are extremely important to our sexual and reproductive health. In order to have dialogue about getting tested, sexual needs, sexual consent, family planning, or abstinence. It is important to be in a relationship where there is trust, support, respect, communication, and honesty. Knowing the values in a healthy relationship can protect you from getting STD/Is and/or HIV or unplanned pregnancies. It can also protect you from being in unhealthy relationships that can lead physical, emotional, and sexual violence.
Need advice on healthy relationships? Contact US!
ELO’s mission is to promote the overall health and well-being of both men and women. Men’s reproductive health is just as important and significant as Women’s reproductive health. It is an important component of men's overall health and well-being. Too often, men have been overlooked in discussions of reproductive health, especially when reproductive issues.
Common topics in men's reproductive health include:
High rates of STI/Ds and HIV
High rates of Prostate Cancer
Sexual Assault and Rape
It is important for men to prioritize their reproductive health by getting tested and treatment for STI/Ds and HIV/AIDS, having yearly physical exams, and engaging in open dialogue with their partners. For more information on topics regarding Men’s Reproductive Health, Contact US.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Infections (STD/Is) are caused by infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual contact. They’re infections you can get from having sex with someone infected.
STD/Is are transmitted through various modes of transmission such as
sexual contact (vaginal, anal, and oral sex);
skin-to-skin contact (non-penetrative sex);
body fluids (blood, semen, vaginal secretions);
and sharing of needles.
STD/Is can also be transmitted from woman to child during vaginal delivery or through breast milk. If left undetected and untreated, STD/Is can have long term effects and can cause infertility in both men and women.
The most common STD/Is are chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B virus (HBV), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, and trichomoniasis.
For more information on STD/Is, Contact US!
The health of women’s reproductive system is extremely important for the overall health and well-being of women. The woman’s reproductive system is the most delicate and complex system in the body. It is important that women take the necessary steps to protect their reproductive health, by getting tested and treament for STD/Is and HIV, having pap smears, pelvic exams, & mammograms, and having open dialogue about sexual health with their partners. Taking care of one’s body while making health choices, can help protect you and your loved ones. Protecting your reproductive system also means having control of your health, if and when, you become pregnant.
Common topics in women’s reproductive health include:
High rates of STI/Ds and HIV
High rates of Breast and Cervical Cancer
Sexual Assault and Rape
It is important for women to prioritize their reproductive health. For more information on topics regarding Women’s Reproductive Health, contact us or click here for more information.
Consent is extremely important when engaging in any activity, especially sex. Sometimes people can feel awkward when talking about sexual consent and may feel like that conversation will ruin the mood. However, talking about consent can actually be increase your partner's mood by discussing their likes and dislikes when it comes to sex. It is a great way to build trust while setting boundaries in what you and your partner are comfortable with.
When discussing consent with your partner, it is also important to make sure you are respecting that when they don’t say “no,” it doesn’t mean “yes.” Consent is getting a clear, verbal confirmation before and during sexual activities. It is a great way to build trust and ensure that everyone involved is having a positive, sexual experience.
Got questions on consent? Contact US!
For more information visit: http://www.loveisrespect.org/healthy-relationships/what-consent/